Combinatorial properties of a rooted graph polynomial

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Combinatorial properties of a rooted graph polynomial

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Title: Combinatorial properties of a rooted graph polynomial
Author: Eisenstat, D.; Gordon, Gary; Redlich, A.
Abstract: For a rooted graph G, let EV (G; p) be the expected number of vertices reachable from the root when each edge has an independent probability p of operating successfully. We examine combinatorial properties of this polynomial, proving that G is k-edge connected if and only if EV'(G; 1) = ... = EV(k-1)(G; 1) = 0. We find bounds on the first and second derivatives of EV (G; p); applications yield characterizations of rooted paths and cycles in terms of the polynomial. We prove reconstruction results for rooted trees and a negative result concerning reconstruction of more complicated rooted graphs. We also prove that the norm of the largest root of EV(G; p) in Q[i] gives a sharp lower bound on the number of vertices of G.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10385/900
Date: 2008

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