Colourism and African-American wealth: Evidence from the nineteenth-century south

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Colourism and African-American wealth: Evidence from the nineteenth-century south

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dc.contributor.author Bodenhorn, H.
dc.contributor.author Ruebeck, Christopher S.
dc.date.accessioned 2010-05-06T19:18:59Z
dc.date.available 2010-05-06T19:18:59Z
dc.date.issued 2007
dc.identifier.citation Bodenhorn, H. and C. S. Ruebeck. 2007. "Colourism and African-American wealth: Evidence from the nineteenth-century south." Journal of Population Economics 20 (3): 599-620. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10385/666
dc.description.abstract Black is not always black. Subtle distinctions in skin tone translate into significant differences in outcomes. Data on more than 15,000 households interviewed during the 1860 US federal census exhibit sharp differences in wealth holdings between white, mulatto, and black households in the urban South. We document these differences, investigate relationships between wealth and recorded household characteristics, and decompose the wealth gaps to examine the returns to racial characteristics. The analysis reveals a distinct racial hierarchy. Black wealth was only 20% of white wealth, but mulattoes held nearly 50% of whites’ wealth. This advantage is consistent with colourism, the favouritism shown to those of lighter complexion. en_US
dc.publisher Journal of Population Economics en_US
dc.subject colorism en_US
dc.subject African Americans en_US
dc.subject wealth decomposition en_US
dc.title Colourism and African-American wealth: Evidence from the nineteenth-century south en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s00148-006-0111-x

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